Basically, when two companies become one. This decision is usually mutual between both firms.
Investment dictionary. Academic. 2012.
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merger — merg·er / mər jər/ n 1: the absorption of a lesser estate or interest into a greater one held by the same person compare confusion 2: the incorporation and superseding of one contract by another 3 a: the treatment (as by statute) of two offenses… … Law dictionary
Merger — Mer ger, n. 1. One who, or that which, merges. [1913 Webster] 2. (Law) An absorption of one estate, or one contract, in another, or of a minor offense in a greater. [1913 Webster] 3. The combining of two groups into a unified single group under a … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
merger — [mɛʀʒe] n. m. ÉTYM. Attesté fin XVIIIe, Restif; var. bourguignonne de murgier (XIIIe), murger (1341), mirger (1672), formes de l un des dérivés dialectaux du lat. pop. muricarium « tas de pierres ». → Mur. ❖ ♦ Régional. Tas de pierres provenant… … Encyclopédie Universelle
merger — (n.) 1728 in legal sense, extinguishment by absorption, from MERGE (Cf. merge) (v.), on analogy of French infinitives used as nouns (e.g. WAIVER (Cf. waiver)). From 1889 in the business sense; not common until c.1926. General meaning any act of… … Etymology dictionary
merger — /ˈmɛrdʒer, ˈmYːdʒə(r)/ [vc. ingl., propr. «fusione»] s. f. inv. (econ., di aziende) fusione … Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione
merger — *consolidation, amalgamation … New Dictionary of Synonyms
merger — [n] consolidation alliance, amalgamation, cahoots*, coadunation, coalition, combination, fusion, hookup, incorporation, lineup, melding, mergence, merging, organization, pool, takeover, tie in, tie up, unification, union; concepts 323,324,703 Ant … New thesaurus
merger — ► NOUN ▪ a merging of two things, especially companies, into one … English terms dictionary
merger — [mʉr′jər] n. a merging; specif., ☆ a) a combining of two or more companies, corporations, etc. into one, as by issuing stock of the controlling corporation to replace the greater part of that of the other or others b) the absorption of one estate … English World dictionary
merger — (1) acquisition in which all assets and liabilities ( liability) are absorbed by the buyer. Bloomberg Financial Dictionary (2) More generally, any combination of two companies. The firm s activity in this respect is sometimes called M&A (Merger… … Financial and business terms
merger — The fusion or absorption of one thing or right into another; generally spoken of a case where one of the subjects is of less dignity or importance than the other. Here the less important ceases to have an independent existence. Contract law. The… … Black's law dictionary